This is a foundation sector in the Maranoa, contributing 14.1% to total industry value add (IVA) in 2016-17 and 16.7% to total employment in 2017-18. In Maranoa, this industry has established infrastructure and facilities, suitable lands and soils as well as long standing agent's networks, which has contributed to the current success of the cropping and horticulture and livestock production areas within the industry. 

IVA declined by 2.6% over the analysed period, and employment declined by -0.5% (largely concentrated in support services). This is due to the trend of rural production activities moving towards higher efficiency with better utilisation of technology. In 2016-17, agriculture, forestry and fishing was the largest contributor to total businesses in Maranoa, at 50.2%​.